Mathematics B.S.MSC.

All students must meet the University Requirements.

Mathematics Major

The mathematics curriculum is quite flexible. It is designed to provide a sound basic training in mathematics that allows a student to experience the broad sweep of mathematical ideas and techniques, to utilize the computer in mathematics, and to develop an area of special interest in the mathematical sciences.

A Bachelor of Arts with a major in mathematics is offered and supervised by the College of Arts and Sciences. Students opting for this degree require an advisor from the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. Refer to the CAS section of this catalogue for more information.

Concentrations that provide suggested preparation for a student’s career plans are listed in the next section, along with the courses recommended for each concentration.


Students pursuing the Bachelor of Science in Mathematical Sciences (Majoring in Mathematics) are subject to the Academic Standards in CEMS outlined in this catalogue.

Additional Regulations

No more than three grades of D, D+, or D– in 200 level (or higher) mathematics (MATH) or statistics (STAT) courses may be used to satisfy “Core Curriculum” and “Major Courses” requirements.

A. Core Curriculum

MATH 021Calculus I 14
MATH 022Calculus II4
MATH 052Fundamentals of Mathematics3
MATH 121Calculus III4
MATH 122Applied Linear Algebra3
or MATH 124 Linear Algebra
MATH 241Anyl in Several Real Vars I3
MATH 251Abstract Algebra I3
CS 021Computer Programming I3

A student with a MATH 021 waiver can use it to fulfill the requirement of MATH 021 in the Core Curriculum. However, at least three extra credits of mathematics numbered above MATH 023 must be added to the Major Courses requirement.

B. Major Courses

A minimum of twenty-one additional credits in mathematics, statistics, or computer science courses numbered 100 or above. At least twelve credits must be in courses numbered 200 or above and no more than twelve credits can be taken in computer science. 

In consultation with their advisor, students should choose an area of interest within the mathematics major and plan a coherent program that addresses their interests in mathematics and its applications. This area might be one of those listed in the Recommendations for Major Courses section below, or it might be another area suggested by the student. 

C. Allied Field Courses

Twenty-four credits selected from the following Allied Fields:

  1. Physical Sciences
  2. Biological Sciences
  3. Medical Sciences
  4. Engineering
  5. Computer Science (CS 110 or higher)
  6. Agricultural Sciences
  7. Business Administration
  8. Psychology
  9. Economics
  10. Environmental Sciences/Studies
  11. Natural Resources

Students, in consultation with their advisors, must plan a sequence of Allied Field courses consistent with their professional and personal goals. Students interested in pursuing intensive studies in an area not specifically listed are encouraged to plan a program with their advisor and submit it to the appropriate departmental committee for review and approval. The requirements are as follows:

Twenty-four credits selected from the above list of Allied Fields, including at least one laboratory experience in science or engineering. Of these twenty-four credits, at least six must be in courses numbered 100 or above, and at least six must be taken in fields 1 to 5. Courses used to satisfy requirement B above may not be used to satisfy this requirement.

D. Humanities and Social Science Courses

(Courses used to satisfy requirement C above may not be used to satisfy this requirement.)

Twenty-four credits of courses selected from categories I, II, and III listed below. These twenty-four credits must be distributed over at least two categories, and at least six credits must be taken in each of the two categories chosen. 

I. Language and Literature II. Fine Arts, Philosophy and Religion III. Social Sciences
Arabic Art History Anthropology
Chinese Dance Communication Sciences & Disorders
Classics Film and Television Studies Critical Race & Ethnic Studies
English Music Economics
French Philosophy Gender, Sexuality and Women's Studies
German Religion Geography
Greek Speech Global and Regional Studies
Hebrew Studio Art History
Italian Theatre Holocaust Studies
Japanese Human Development and Family Studies
Latin Political Science
Linguistics Psychology
Portuguese Sociology
Russian Vermont Studies
World Literature

E. Total Credits

A minimum of 120 credits is required. Students must satisfy all University requirements.


As a guide, students interested in one of the specialization areas would typically take at least three courses in that area, including all of the courses marked with an asterisk (*). In addition, students should take courses from at least two other areas. Because of its centrality in mathematics, students are advised to take at least one course listed under Classical Mathematics. In following these recommendations, a course listed in more than one area is meant to be counted only once.

1. Classical Mathematics

Classical mathematics encompasses those areas having their roots in the great traditions of mathematical thought, such as geometry and topology, mathematical analysis, algebra and number theory, and discrete mathematics. Courses in this area include the following:

MATH 141Real Analysis in One Variable3
MATH 151Groups and Rings3
MATH 173Basic Combinatorial Theory3
MATH 236Calculus of Variations3
MATH 240Fourier Series&Integral Trans3
MATH 241Anyl in Several Real Vars I *3
MATH 242Anyl Several Real Variables II3
MATH 251Abstract Algebra I *3
MATH 252Abstract Algebra II3
MATH 255Elementary Number Theory3
MATH 257Topics in Group Theory3
MATH 260Foundations of Geometry3
MATH 264Vector Analysis3
MATH 273Combinatorial Graph Theory3
MATH 331Theory of Func of Complex Var4
MATH 353Point-Set Topology3

2. Applied Mathematics

Applied mathematics involves the use of mathematical methods to investigate problems originating in the physical, biological, and social sciences, and engineering. Mathematical modeling, coupled with the development of mathematical and computational solution techniques, illuminates mechanisms which govern a problem and allows predictions to be made about an actual physical situation. Current research interests of the faculty include biomedical mathematics, fluid mechanics and hydrodynamic stability, asymptotics, and singular perturbation theory. Courses in this area include the following:

MATH 230Ordinary Differential Equation *3
MATH 236Calculus of Variations3
MATH 237Intro to Numerical Analysis *3
MATH 238Applied Computational Methods3
MATH 240Fourier Series&Integral Trans3
MATH 272Applied Analysis3
MATH 273Combinatorial Graph Theory3
MATH 274Numerical Linear Algebra3

3. Computational Mathematics

Computational mathematics involves both the development of new computational techniques and the innovative modification and application of existing computational strategies to new contexts where they have not been previously employed. Intensive computation is central to the solution of many problems in areas such as applied mathematics, number theory, engineering, and the physical, biological and natural sciences. Computational mathematics is often interdisciplinary in nature, with algorithm development and implementation forming a bridge between underlying mathematical results and the solution to the physical problem of interest. Courses in this area include the following:

MATH 173Basic Combinatorial Theory3
MATH 230Ordinary Differential Equation3
MATH 237Intro to Numerical Analysis *3
MATH 238Applied Computational Methods3
MATH 274Numerical Linear Algebra3
STAT 201Stat Computing & Data Analysis3

4. Theory of Computing

The mathematical theory of computing deals with the mathematical underpinnings allowing effective use of the computer as a tool in problem solving. Aspects of the theory of computing include: designing parallel computing strategies (graph theory), analyzing strengths and effectiveness of competing algorithms (analysis of algorithms), examining conditions which ensure that a problem can be solved by computational means (automata theory and computability), and rigorous analysis of run times (complexity theory). Courses in this area include the following:

MATH 173Basic Combinatorial Theory3
MATH 273Combinatorial Graph Theory3
CS 224Algorithm Design & Analysis *3
CS 243Theory of Computation3

5. Mathematics of Management

Mathematics of Management involves the quantitative description and study of problems particularly concerned with the making of decisions in an organization. Problems are usually encountered in business, government, service industries, etc., and typically involve the allocation of resources, inventory control, product transportation, traffic control, assignment of personnel, and investment diversification. Courses in this area include the following:

MATH 173Basic Combinatorial Theory3
MATH 221Deterministic Modls Oper Rsch *3
MATH 222Stochastic Models in Oper Rsch3
MATH 230Ordinary Differential Equation3
MATH 236Calculus of Variations3
MATH 273Combinatorial Graph Theory3
STAT 141Basic Statistical Methods3
or STAT 211 Statistical Methods I
STAT 151Applied Probability3
or MATH 207 Probability Theory
STAT 224Stats for Quality&Productivity3
STAT 241Statistical Inference3
STAT 253Appl Time Series & Forecasting3

6. Actuarial Mathematics

Actuaries use quantitative skills to address a variety of risk related problems within financial environments. A unique feature of the actuarial profession is that a considerable amount of the formal training is typically completed after graduation “on-the-job”.

The Society of Actuaries is an international organization that regulates education and advancement within the profession. Candidates may earn designation as an Associate of the Society of Actuaries (ASA) by satisfying three general requirements. These are:

  1. Preliminary Education Requirements, PE;
  2. the Fundamentals of Actuarial Practice Course, FAP; and
  3. the Associateship Professionalism Course, APC.

The multiple component FAP is based on an e-learning format, and can be pursued independently. After completing the PE and at least one of the FAP components, candidates are eligible to register for the one-half day APC.

The Preliminary Education Requirements consist of

  1. prerequisites
  2. subjects to be validated by educational experience (VEE), and
  3. four examinations.

While at the university, students can satisfy the prerequisites, the VEE courses, and the first two preliminary examinations. The following courses are recommended as preparation for the specific requirements.

MATH 021Calculus I4
MATH 022Calculus II4
MATH 121Calculus III4
Linear Algebra
MATH 124Linear Algebra3
Introductory Accounting
BSAD 060Financial Accounting3
BSAD 061Managerial Accounting3
Mathematical Statistics
STAT 261Statistical Theory3

These are topics that will assist candidates in their exam progress and work life but will not be directly tested or validated.

Subjects Validated by Educational Experience
EC 011Principles of Macroeconomics3
EC 012Principles of Microeconomics3
Corporate Finance
BSAD 180Managerial Finance3
BSAD 181Intermediate Financial Mgmt3
Applied Statistical Methods
STAT 221Statistical Methods II3
STAT 253Appl Time Series & Forecasting3

Candidates will demonstrate proficiency in these subjects by submitting transcripts.

Preliminary Examinations
Exam P - Probability
STAT 151Applied Probability3
STAT 251Probability Theory3
Exam FM - Mathematics of Finance
BSAD 180Managerial Finance3
BSAD 181Intermediate Financial Mgmt3

Other applicable departmental courses include:

STAT 195Intermediate Special Topics1-18
STAT 201Stat Computing & Data Analysis3
STAT 225Applied Regression Analysis3
STAT 229Survival/Logistic Regression3
STAT 235Categorical Data Analysis3
STAT 237Nonparametric Statistical Mthd3
MATH 173Basic Combinatorial Theory3
MATH 221Deterministic Modls Oper Rsch3
MATH 222Stochastic Models in Oper Rsch3

7. Probability and Statistical Theory

Probabilistic reasoning is often a critical component of practical mathematical analysis or risk analysis and can usefully extend classical deterministic analysis to provide stochastic models. It also provides a basis for statistical theory, which is concerned with how inferences can be drawn from real data in any of the social or physical sciences. Courses in this area include the following:

MATH 222Stochastic Models in Oper Rsch3
MATH 241Anyl in Several Real Vars I3
MATH 242Anyl Several Real Variables II3
MATH 207Probability Theory *3
or STAT 151 Applied Probability
STAT 241Statistical Inference *3
STAT 252Appl Discr Stochas Proc Models (a)1
STAT 252Appl Discr Stochas Proc Models (b)1
STAT 261Statistical Theory3


Students should discuss Allied Field courses with their advisor and choose ones that complement their mathematical interests. Students with certain mathematical interests are advised to emphasize an appropriate Allied Field as indicated below and take at least six credits in courses numbered 100 or above in that field.

Applied Mathematics

Allied Field (1), (2), (3), (4), (6), or (9).

Computational Mathematics

Allied Field (4) or (5).

Mathematics of Management

Allied Field (7). Students interested in Mathematics of Management are advised to include economics (EC 011 and EC 012) in their choice of Humanities and Social Sciences courses, and to include business administration (BSAD 060 and BSAD 061) in their choice of Allied Field courses. Those wishing to minor in business administration should contact the School of Business Administration and also take BSAD 173 and two other courses chosen from business administration Allied Field courses.

Double Major in Mathematics and Statistics

Students may earn a double major in mathematics and statistics by meeting the requirements of the statistics major and earning an additional fifteen credits in mathematics, to include:

MATH 052Fundamentals of Mathematics3
Choose two of the following:6
Ordinary Differential Equation
Intro to Numerical Analysis
Anyl in Several Real Vars I
Abstract Algebra I